Hamstring Injury Rehab Exercises

A pulled hamstring is painful and can happen without warning during exercise, play, or other activities. An injury usually happens when the muscles are overworked and stretched beyond capacity, resulting in a sudden and painful strain. After a hamstring strain, rehab may be necessary for full healing. Kinetic Sports Medicine offers comprehensive non-operative care to address hamstring and other muscular injuries.

Anatomy of the Hamstring

The hamstring actually includes three different muscles that extend the length of the leg. The hamstring muscles attach to the back of the pelvis and run down the back of the leg. The inner thigh has two hamstrings and the outer thigh has one hamstring. At the back of the knee, tendons secure the hamstrings, and they continue down into the lower leg. The hamstring muscles are responsible for hip extensions and for bending at the knee.

Hamstring Injuries

Injuring the hamstring might involve a pull, a partial tear, or a full tear of the muscle. People who engage in strenuous exercises that involve sprinting, such as in track events or baseball, may have a higher risk for a hamstring injury. When running, the hamstring muscles contract as the back leg straightens. At the same time as this contraction, the runner pushes off with the foot, which loads the muscle with not only the runner's body weight, but also the forward propulsion. This combination of forces can lead to a hamstring strain. Rehab in these causes is often recommended and will depend on the severity of the injury. Physicians use a grading system to gauge the severity of a hamstring strain, with a 1 being the mildest and a 3 being a full tear. The most common place for hamstring injuries is where the muscles attach to tendons.

Hamstring Rehabilitation Exercises

Pulling or straining a hamstring usually results in a sharp pain that centers in the back of the thigh. The pain will be so significant, that it will cause a full stop with the inability to bear weight on the injured leg. People may also experience inflammation, discoloration from bruising, and weakness with a hamstring injury. Rehab will follow, but the patient will first need to undergo initial treatment that includes rest, icing, elevation, and compression. After the initial healing, a physical therapist usually helps with hamstring rehab exercises. These stretches and exercises are designed to help enhance flexibility, range of motion, and strength in the injured muscles. Gradually, as a patient performs the hamstring rehab exercises, the injured leg will become stronger and more stable. Initial stretching helps gently work the hamstring.

Kinetic Sports Medicine

Dr. Richard Kim leads the medical team at Kinetic Sports Medicine. Dr. Kim has devoted his practice to non-surgical treatment options designed to be minimally invasive and effective for hastening healing and minimizing pain. One procedure, platelet-rich plasma injection, is showing promise in the treatment of activity-related injuries. Using a patient's own blood, a laboratory process enhances the concentration of platelets in the blood before injecting it at the injury site. Contact us today to learn more about our services.